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Students of Architecture and Civil Engineering at UET during the development of the Construction Science course with lecturer Gazmir Hallaçi.

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Engineering Curricula Modernization in Renewable Energy in Albanian Universities

The Impact of Virtual Reality Technologies on the Modernization of the Curricula of Western Balkan Universities in the Field of Renewable Sources

Luçiana Toti

Information Technology Department, Aleksander Moisiu University, Durres, Albania

Nadezhda Kunicina

Electrical and Environmental Engineering Department, Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia


The implementation of innovative technologies, such as Virtual Reality directly effects on revolutionizing of the educational system and gives students the opportunity to learn and practice in an inclusive way, regardless of their location. On the other hand, technological developments in the field of renewable resources lead to the need to improve study programs related to them. The fulfillment of such needs is intertwined with the development of the teaching methodologies aided by technology and/or ICT tools, which can be implemented in the virtual reality laboratory. This article provides that aided VR in the improvement of curricula, raise the capacity of the academic staff to the appropriate level in line with innovative technological developments. The academic staff should transfer Virtual Technologies through teaching to students in order to they gain competencies in the use of ICT tools, software and platforms, increasing the interaction NOT ONLY between teachers and themselves, but above all with the labor market in the renewable energy field. The results were provided with the help of machine learning on the original questionnaires ‘data and they can use by different study programs in Western Balkan Universities, based on by Aleksander Moisiu University’s development experience. The purpose of this study is to encourage the Western Balkan Universities to invest in the education of the new generation towards a green society and economy through the improvement of curricula and the implementation of contemporary teaching methods focusing on virtual reality technologies, as an important step for the evolution of the educational system.

Published in: 2023 10th International Conference on Electrical, Electronic and Computing Engineering (IcETRAN)

Date of Conference: 05-08 June 2023

Date Added to IEEE Xplore: 27 July 2023

ISBN Information:

DOI: 10.1109/IcETRAN59631.2023.10192195

Publisher: IEEE

Conference Location: East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina


Scientific paper  Electric Power System Department, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania

Akad. asc. Prof. Rajmonda Buhaljoti

Power System Department as part of Faculty of Electrical Engineering at Polytechnic University of Tirana is one of the oldest departments of the faculty. The teaching and research activities of Electric Power System Department includes Power System Stability and Control, Modelling and Simulation of Power System, Renewable Energies Sources, Power Plants, Power System Reliability Analysis, Smart grids and intelligent use of energy, insulation and electrical materials, electric equipment, forecasting and pricing of energy, relay devices and monitoring of power system, energy efficiency, etc. The Department is responsible for development and improvement of teaching curricula for Electrical Power System Studies with the symbiosis of education and research as well as for optimal integration into the labor market. The curricula and teaching policies are increasingly focusing on the analytical, methodological, conceptual and communicational skills which will enable a university graduate to adapt to power sectors challenges and be innovative throughout his or her carrier. The Home Energy Production course explains how to produce ac power from dc power produced using renewable natural resources (e.g., wind, sunlight, rain, etc.) or stored in batteries. The course first shows how to produce ac power for local use (typically at remote sites) from dc power produced using a solar panel or a wind turbine. In this case, any excess energy (i.e., energy produced but not consumed immediately) is stored in batteries to be used later. This is referred to as stand-alone home energy production. Then, the student learns how any excess energy produced locally can be returned to the local ac power network (i.e., the grid). This is referred to as grid-tied home energy production. Applications must be implemented. This paper has three energy storage technologies that appear to be suitable for large-scale implementation: sodium sulphide batteries, redox batteries, and lithium-ion batteries. These technologies were examined along with many other current technologies and were chosen because of their potential to operate at network scale. Also, some of their constituent applications are discussed.

Conference Ohrid, September 17 - 19, 2023